Originating deep in the jungles of Kalimantan, these rare varieties are exclusive to Madam Kratom and represent a newly discovered population of kratom trees growing wild in their native environment. They are sustainably harvested and represent a brand new kratom variety that promises to be uniquely fascinating for research and analysis.
The powdered grind is extremely fine and dense – making solvent extraction simple and fast due to a high surface area to volume ratio.
It is believed (with some evidence) that older, mature leaves from mature trees growing in the wild (such as these) contain higher levels and a fuller spectrum of alkaloids. This variety is harvested from trees far older than is common for kratom and represent a novel type specimen.
Only red golden veined leaves have been harvested from these trees.
As these trees are rare, wild, and newly discovered, there may be seasonal variations in supply.
Research Notes: This product is a great place to start for researchers investigating the chemical composition of kratom and performing comparative analysis between varieties. It is a mature leaf from mature trees related to the “Kalimantan” lineage of wildcrafted varieties.
The very fine, dense grind enables efficient solvent extraction for purposes (including chromatographic isolation and analysis) by increasing the availability of compounds for separation and detection due to a very high surface area to volume ratio.
These powdered products are ideal for analytical chemical protocols including bulk alkaloid detection through GC:MS, isolation using chromatographic methods and structural identification by UV spectroscopy combined with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (C-NMR) analysis. High resolution FAB-MS has also been used for elucidating the structures of compounds isolated from the leaves of the kratom plant (Takayama 2004).
Over the last 87 years, 44 related alkaloids (Adkins et al. 2011) have been identified from the Mitragyna speciosa plant. In addition to unique ratios, not all alkaloids are present in any given strain (Trager et al. 1968) and the composition of trees from different geographical regions are highly variable (Takayama 2004).
These newly discovered varieties represent a novel sample for analysis and potential publication.
Pharmacological studies on in-vitro isolated and cultured tissues have also been performed and protocols are available (Wantanabe et al. 1997).
More information and literature citations are available on request.
Adkins, J.E.; Boyer E.W.; McCurdy, C.R. Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry, 2011. Vol 11, 1165-1175
Jansen, K.L.R.; Prast, C.J. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1988. Vol 23, 115-119
Takayama H. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 2004, Vol 52(8), 916-928
Trager, W.F.; Lee, C.M.; Phillipson J.D.; Haddock, R.E.; Dwuma-Badu, D.; Beckett, A.H. Tetrahedron, 1968. Vol. 24, 523-543
Wantanabe, K.; Yano, S.; Horie, S.; Yamamoto L.T. Life Sciences 1997. Vol 60(12) 933-942