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White Horn
White Horn

Base Price: $13.45

Product Code: MK-034

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A Madam Kratom Exclusive!

This is a brand-new horned variety from deep in the rainforests of Kalimantan. Thoroughly destemmed, deveined and ground to a very fine powder, this is an excellent specimen for those studying the differences between “horned” and “non-horned” varieties, which are thought to contain different alkaloid profiles.

Horned leaves are generally indicative of older foliage from mature trees. These trees grow in an interior area of the enormous Kalimantan nature reserve that has only been newly explored. Due to the age of the leaves and trees themselves, they are traditionally believed to contain higher proportions of alkaloids.

The grind can be described as a very fine powder, meaning plenty of surface area for rapid extraction by solvents. The texture is noticeably denser than our “MICRO-GRIND” varieties while individual grains are similarly sized. It is a fantastic strain for people who study newly discovered strains which grow in native conditions on Borneo Island such as the iconic “Bali” types that first made their way into the West.

The Green and White Horns we offer are from small stands of trees and can only be sustainably produced in small amounts. They are also very susceptible to the effects of seasonality and local weather conditions. As a result, availability is limited and these strains may not be regularly restocked.

Research Notes: This product is a great place to start for researchers investigating the chemical composition of kratom and performing comparative analysis between varieties. It is a horned leaf from the “Borneo” lineage of wildcrafted varieties.

The very fine, dense grind enables efficient solvent extraction for purposes (including chromatographic isolation and analysis) by increasing the availability of compounds for separation and detection due to a very high surface area to volume ratio.

These powdered products are ideal for analytical chemical protocols including bulk alkaloid detection through GC:MS, isolation using chromatographic methods and structural identification by UV spectroscopy combined with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (C-NMR) analysis. High resolution FAB-MS has also been used for elucidating the structures of compounds isolated from the leaves of the kratom plant (Takayama 2004).

Over the last 87 years, 44 related alkaloids (Adkins et al. 2011) have been identified from the Mitragyna speciosa plant. In addition to unique ratios, not all alkaloids are present in any given strain (Trager et al. 1968) and the composition of trees from different geographical regions are highly variable (Takayama 2004).

These new horned varieties represent a novel sample for analysis and potential publication. Pharmacological studies on in-vitro isolated and cultured tissues have also been performed and protocols are available (Wantanabe et al. 1997).

More information and literature citations are available on request.

Sources Cited:

Adkins, J.E.; Boyer E.W.; McCurdy, C.R. Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry, 2011. Vol 11, 1165-1175

Jansen, K.L.R.; Prast, C.J. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1988. Vol 23, 115-119

Takayama H. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 2004, Vol 52(8), 916-928

Trager, W.F.; Lee, C.M.; Phillipson J.D.; Haddock, R.E.; Dwuma-Badu, D.; Beckett, A.H. Tetrahedron, 1968. Vol. 24, 523-543

Wantanabe, K.; Yano, S.; Horie, S.; Yamamoto L.T. Life Sciences 1997. Vol 60(12) 933-942