A Madam Kratom Exclusive!
This is a brand-new horned variety from deep
in the rainforests of Kalimantan. Thoroughly destemmed, deveined and ground to
a very fine powder, this is an excellent specimen for those studying the differences
between “horned” and “non-horned” varieties, which are thought to contain
different alkaloid profiles.
Horned leaves are generally indicative of
older foliage from mature trees. These trees grow in an interior area of the
enormous Kalimantan nature reserve that has only been newly explored. Due to
the age of the leaves and trees themselves, they are traditionally believed to
contain higher proportions of alkaloids.
The grind can be described as a very fine
powder, meaning plenty of surface area for rapid extraction by solvents. The texture is noticeably denser than our
“MICRO-GRIND” varieties while individual grains are similarly sized. It is a
fantastic strain for people who study newly discovered strains which grow in
native conditions on Borneo Island such as the iconic “Bali” types that first
made their way into the West.
The Green and White Horns we offer are from
small stands of trees and can only be sustainably produced in small amounts.
They are also very susceptible to the effects of seasonality and local weather
conditions. As a result, availability is limited and these strains may not be
Notes: This product is a great place to start for
researchers investigating the chemical composition of kratom and performing comparative
analysis between varieties. It is a horned leaf from the “Borneo” lineage of
The very fine, dense grind enables
efficient solvent extraction for purposes (including chromatographic isolation
and analysis) by increasing the availability of compounds for separation and detection
due to a very high surface area to volume ratio.
These powdered products are ideal for
analytical chemical protocols including bulk alkaloid detection through GC:MS,
isolation using chromatographic methods and structural identification by UV
spectroscopy combined with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (C-NMR) analysis. High
resolution FAB-MS has also been used for elucidating the structures of
compounds isolated from the leaves of the kratom plant (Takayama 2004).
Over the last 87 years, 44 related
alkaloids (Adkins et al. 2011) have been identified from the Mitragyna
speciosa plant. In addition to unique ratios, not all alkaloids are present
in any given strain (Trager et al. 1968) and the composition of trees
from different geographical regions are highly variable (Takayama 2004).
These new horned varieties represent a
novel sample for analysis and potential publication. Pharmacological studies on
in-vitro isolated and cultured tissues have also been performed and protocols
are available (Wantanabe et al. 1997).
More information and literature citations are
available on request.
Adkins, J.E.; Boyer E.W.; McCurdy, C.R. Current
Topics in Medicinal Chemistry, 2011. Vol 11, 1165-1175
Jansen, K.L.R.; Prast, C.J. Journal of
Ethnopharmacology, 1988. Vol 23, 115-119
Takayama H. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 2004,
Vol 52(8), 916-928
Trager, W.F.; Lee, C.M.; Phillipson J.D.;
Haddock, R.E.; Dwuma-Badu, D.; Beckett, A.H. Tetrahedron, 1968. Vol. 24,
Wantanabe, K.; Yano, S.; Horie, S.;
Yamamoto L.T. Life Sciences 1997. Vol 60(12) 933-942